The deepest sea in the world has a mystery you would never know if you never find out about it. To enjoy the beauty of the vast sea not only from the surface but also from the depths of the seabed. Of the many sea trenches in Indonesia, and even in the world, of course, there are also some of the deepest sea trenches in the world which are actually interesting to explore further.
What is the ocean trench? In essence, the sea trench is a kind of very steep basin that can be found on the seabed or the deepest sea. Maybe, some people call it a sea relief. Each sea water certainly has its own uniqueness and privileges.
There are parts of the ocean in this world that have an amazing depth of intensity. The depths of some of these seas have been previously studied by scientists so that it can be seen how deep the seas are and some of them are categorized as the deepest seas in the world.
The Deepest Sea in the World
The Pacific Ocean has a depth of up to 10,911 meters. No wonder the Pacific Ocean is one of the deepest seas in the world.
The deepest point is called the Mariana Trench. The Pacific Ocean has an area of 165.2 million square kilometers and controls 30 percent of the earth’s area.
The Pacific Ocean has the highest mountain in the world, Mauna Kea. Compared to Everest which has a height of 8,949 meters, Mauna Kea reaches 10,200 meters. It’s just that most of his body is under the surface of the Pacific Ocean.
The deepest point of the Atlantic Ocean is called the Brownson Deep, which is in the Puerto Rico Trench and reaches 8,378 meters. The Atlantic Ocean is the second-largest ocean in the world because it covers one-fifth of the earth’s surface.
The Atlantic Ocean is divided into two parts, namely the North Atlantic Ocean and the South Atlantic Ocean. Compared to the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean does not have many islands.
But the Atlantic Ocean has the largest island, namely Greenland Island. The island has an area of about 2,166,086 square kilometers and has a national park.
The Indian Ocean stretches for more than 10,000 km between the southern tip of Africa and Australia. The Indian Ocean has three points. The deepest is the Diamantina Trench in Southwest Perth, Western Australia.
The depth of the Diamantina Trench reaches 8,047 meters. The second deepest trench in the Indian Ocean is the Sunda Trench or the Java Trench with a depth of 7,725 meters.
Compared to other oceans, the Indian Ocean is warm. This is because the basin is in the tropics and its location is also on the equator. Hence the water becomes warm.
Data published in the Geoscience Data Journal shows that the depth of the Southern Ocean is at 7,432 meters, precisely in the South Sandwich Trench.
The weather conditions in the Southern Ocean or also known as the Antarctic Ocean are very extreme with temperatures just above freezing point.
The average wind speed in the Southern Ocean is very strong and fast. In winter, the southern waters freeze. Meanwhile, at some points along the coast, strong and intense drainage winds hit the interior.
Geographical conditions and complex water currents make phytoplankton grow in the Southern Ocean area. Phytoplankton is diatoms and single-celled plants.
Meanwhile, in nearshore waters, there are various organisms such as sessile hydrozoa, corals, sponges, bryozoans, and isopods such as crabs, and polychaete annelid worms, echinoids, starfish, as well as various crustaceans and mollusks.
The Caribbean Sea is adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean and southeast of the Gulf of Mexico. The point is the Cayman Trench, between Cuba and Jamaica, which is 7,686 meters below the surface.
Many small islands in the Caribbean, so no wonder this area is a tourist destination. There are 7,000 islands in the Caribbean and are divided into 28 countries.
Once deep, thousands of fish and dozens of mammals can be found in this area. In addition, the Caribbean is home to 14 percent of the world’s coral reefs.