Indonesian sea fun facts to increase your knowledge of the largest territory in the world, the ocean. The sea is not just a vast expanse of the ocean, nor is it limited to a country’s territory. Wherever the sea is located, the benefits are able to provide a balance for life.
Since childhood, we know that trees produce oxygen for life. Of course, it’s true, but did we know that trees are not the only producers of oxygen? It turns out that almost more than 80% of the oxygen produced comes from the oceans.
Seeing this percentage, we as humans should have been given a gift by God in the form of reason and mind to know what to do, yes… simply thank you. There are many simple ways to express gratitude.
Indonesian Sea Fun Facts
Indonesia as the World’s Largest Maritime Country
Indonesia has 17,499 islands with a coastline of 81,000 km and its waters consist of territorial seas, archipelagic waters, and inland waters covering an area of 2.7 million km or 70% of the existing area.
The determination of Indonesia as an archipelagic country as well as a maritime country is stated in the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which is called the Archipelagic State Principle.
This is reinforced by various indicators. Such as the geographical, economic, political, and historical conditions of the Indonesian state so that it meets the requirements to become an archipelagic country.
Six of the Seven Sea Turtle Species in the World are in the Indonesian Sea
As an area that is a turtle migration route at the intersection of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, the Indonesian sea has 6 of the 7 turtle species in the world.
Turtles are known as marine reptiles that are able to explore the world using their four-leg fins, “interesting isn’t it?”. The species include the tortoise (Lepidochelys olivacea), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), leatherback turtle (Dermochelys Cornaceae), and flat turtle (Natator depressus), loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta), hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata).
Indonesia is included in the Coral Triangle Region of the World
Coral Triangle or Coral Triangle has more than 600 species of coral reefs, which includes 75% of all species of coral reefs in the world. More than 3,000 species of fish live in the Coral Triangle. So this makes Indonesia one of the countries that have a high diversity of live corals and marine biota.
The Great Potential of Indonesia’s Oceans in Absorbing Global Carbon
Indonesia has abundant natural resources such as mangroves, seagrass, salt marshes, and macroalgae. The marine ecosystem has a significant carbon absorption capacity with the photosynthesis process.
Indonesia is a country that has the largest mangrove forest in the world. Namely 3.2 million hectares covering 22.4% of the total area of mangrove forests in the world. So, it is not surprising that the role of the Indonesian sea is important for the world.
In addition, coastal vegetation (mangrove forests, seagrass beds, brackish swamps, and phytoplankton) can store as much as 77% more carbon than forests.
Thus we should be proud and realize that the Indonesian sea is very important for us to protect. But it seems we also can not turn a blind eye to the threats that exist.